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The Rockschool Popular Music Theory Guidebook (Grades 6–8) follows on seamlessly from the previous Guidebook in the series with an accessible, in-depth exploration of the more advanced music theory encountered by students taking Rockschool's later Grade Exams. Use it with the accompanying Popular Music Theory Workbooks (Grades 6–8) to ensure success in your exams.
Rockschool's Popular Music Theory series is also ideal for Music Technology, GCSE and Further Education students.
The Rockschool Grade 6 Theory Workbook is the ideal preparation for your Grade 6 exam, containing example questions and a full specimen paper. Grade 6 exams earn UCAS points, and include sample questions from each of the following sections of your theory exam.
At Grade 6 you will cover the following aspects of music notation:
- Understanding rhythm: double dotted rhythms and less-common time signatures
- Rhythm: rewriting with a new time signature, and as compound and simple time
- Understanding pitch: double accidentals
- Understanding pitch: writing enharmonic pitches
- Understanding pitch: enharmonic transposition
- Recognising note values: 16th, triplet, double dots
- Understanding time signatures: 2/2, 3/2, 4/2
- Understanding key signatures: double flats and sharps
Popular Music Harmony
At Grade 6 you will cover the following aspects of popular music harmony:
- Identifying intervals: b5, b2
- Understanding modes: modal basics, modal transformation, modal differences, modal knowledge, writing out modes in notes and note names
- Recognising modes: ionian & aeolian, dorian & mixolydian
- Understanding, and identifying scales: country, pentatonic, major, minor, and blues
- Chromaticism: completing chromatic scales, recognising gaps in chromatic scales, writing out chromatic scales, and identifying chromatic fragments
- Transposition: transposing in major 3rds and perfect 5ths
- Transposing chord charts
- Understanding chords and chord inversions: 3rd inversion
- Adding chords: 6th, sus 2 & 4, diatonic chords including maj 9th, min 9th and dom 9th
- Identifying harmonic and melodic intervals
- Identifying chords: naming chords, chord charts, chord sequences, and use of roman numeral notation
- Understanding key signatures up to seven sharps and flats
At Grade 6 you will cover the following aspects of band knowledge:
- Identification of Drum kit parts
- Genre- specific instrumental techniques of band instrument
- Identification of Guitar and Bass Guitar parts
- Understanding the use of music technology with band instruments
- Understanding instrumental performance technique
- Identification of keys: acoustic and electronic piano keyboards
- Identification of vocal techniques
- Understanding the function of a microphone
- Understanding how a singer uses music technology to improve performance
- Genre- specific instrumental techniques of brass instruments
- Identification of parts on a brass instrument
- Identifying key musical terms associated with band performance
- Recognising instrument- specific techniques
- Recognising notation across different instrumental disciplines
- Identification of instrumental parts across different disciplines
- Identification of pitch range across different instrumental disciplines
At Grade 6 you will cover the following aspects of band analysis:
- Understanding scores with up to eight different instruments
- Understanding the use of improvisation techniques
- Genre- specific techniques: style and content
- Understanding of stylistic traits across varied instruments
- Understanding the harmonic content in band scores
- Understanding score writing
- Understanding the transposition of instruments whilst score writing
- Understanding musical devices: melodic, harmonic, rhythmic
- Recognising instrument-specific techniques
All Rockschool Graded Popular Music Theory Exams are marked out of 100.
The classification bands for Graded Popular Music Theory Exams are as follows:
Distinction: 90% and above
Please note: Candidates will need to pass 40% of every section in the exam to pass overall This is broken down as follows:
- Music Notation (20%)- you need to get 8 marks to pass this section
- Popular Music Harmony (25%)- you need to get 10 marks to pass this section
- Band Knowledge (25%)- you need to get 10 marks to pass this section
- Band Analysis (30%)-you need to get 12 marks to pass this section
Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria
The learner will:
1 Understand music notation
2 Understand the elements of popular music harmony
3 Understand instrumental components and notation
4 Be able to identify music notation, harmony and instrumental characteristics within a multi-instrumental score
The learner can:
1.1 Identify notes up to one ledger note and keys up to one sharp on the bass and treble clef
1.2 Identify whole, half, quarter and eighth-note rhythms and rests in 4/4 or 3/4 time signatures using bass, treble and percussion clefs
1.3 Identify elements of the stave
2.1 Identify and accurately reproduce major scales and related intervals
2.2 Identify and accurately reproduce simple triadic chords
3.1 Identify parts of musical instruments
3.2 Identify pitch, rhythm, instrument voices and techniques within instrument-specific music notation
4.1 Identify pitch, keys, time signatures and rhythms within a multi-instrumental score of two parts
4.2 Accurately complete a multi-instrumental musical score of two parts
All of the Popular Music Theory Exams have supportive material:
- Graded Workbooks (Debut- Grade 8)- this includes a sample paper
- Guidebooks- these are split into two levels; Debut- Grade 5, and Grades 6-8
The aim of the Graded Popular Music Theory exams is to provide musicians with the opportunity to attain accredited qualifications in the theory of performance in a popular music context. The qualifications will be available to anyone with an interest in studying the theoretical side of music performance, but is primarily aimed at musicians who play guitar, bass, drums, keyboards/piano or sing. Aside from individual instrumental knowledge there is a focus on band interaction and how the instruments in a band function together. In Grades 6-8, with the focus still on the former instruments, this knowledge will be extended to include ‘brass’ (trumpet, trombone and saxophone) and string (violin, viola and cello) sections.
The Debut exam is aimed at both musicians just starting out learning the fundamentals of their instruments, and for learners who may have special
educational needs. It is expected that most of these will be young learners in the early stages of their schooling but the principle applies to learners at the beginning of their musical careers of whatever age.
These qualifications are designed to offer direct progression into higher levels of learning. This can be in the form of either grade exams or an appropriate qualification such as the Music Practitioner suite offered by Rockschool.
The graded popular music exams are single unit qualifications in which candidates are asked to undertake the following unprepared elements in written form: music notation; popular music harmony; band knowledge; band analysis. The basic knowledge that forms the basis of the exam questions is outlined in this Syllabus Guide. The Workbooks provide examples of the types of questions found in the exams.
The underlying philosophy for assessment is that learners should receive credit for positive achievement, and that all should be encouraged to reach their fullest potential in each aspect of the qualification. Rockschool expects the majority of learners to take any of the graded exam qualifications after a period of study directed by a teacher. However, the specifications of each qualification are set up to allow learners to undertake independent study should they so wish. Rockschool offers help and support in the form of guidance and test examples to those learners who may not have access to a teacher or to supplement the work a teacher sets the learner. All assessment of these qualifications is external and is undertaken by members of the Expectations of Knowledge, Skills and Understanding
The grade examination system is one based on the principle of ‘progressive mastery’: each step in the exam chain demonstrates learning, progression and skills in incremental steps. Successful learning is characterised by a mastery of the fundamentals of music notation and theoretical representation of music performance demanded in each grade. Learners will be able to complete a set of written music theory tasks (the complexity and variety of which are determined by which qualification is being attempted), which allows them to demonstrate their understanding of the practical elements of music performance and the way they are represented in written form. These knowledge-based and analytical skills set a firm platform for further practical and artistic development by the learner.
Graded Popular Music exams are ‘banded’ into the following grade categories: pass, merit, distinction or unclassified. Grade indicators are as follows:
- Pass: a pass grade will be awarded where a candidate has produced work to the required standard overall within the examination. They will demonstrate a basic understanding of music notation and harmony and their application in a musicperformance context.
- Merit: a merit grade will be awarded where a candidate has produced work to a good standard overall within the examination. They will demonstrate a good understanding of music notation and harmony and their application in a music performance context.
- Distinction: a distinction grade will be awarded where a candidate has produced work to an excellent standard overall within the examination. They will demonstrate an excellent understanding of music notation and harmony and their application in a music performance context.
- Unclassified: an unclassified grade will be awarded where the candidate has produced work, which does not meet the tasks contained within the qualification. They will not demonstrate a basic understanding of music notation and harmony and their application in a music performance context.
Results and Certification
Candidates will be informed of their provisional results no later than four weeks of the completion of their examination. All certificates will be issued after the formal completion of all quality assurance processes.
Examination Content Graded Popular Music Theory Exams are available from Debut - Grade 8 and consist of the following elements:
- Music Notation (20%): all questions in this section relate to music notation
- Popular Music Harmony (25%): all questions in this section relate to music harmony
- Band Knowledge (25%): this section is in two parts, with each part covering a range of instruments:
Part 1: Identification
Part 2: Notation and Techniques
- Band Analysis (30%): in this section the questions will include the identification of music notation, harmony, and the stylistic characteristics of Guitar, Bass, Drums, Keys, and Vocals in a multi-instrumental context.